The intention in the Niah actions
It is narrated on the authority of Umar ibn Al-Khattab “may Allah be pleased with him” who said: "I heard the Messenger of God “peace and blessings be upon the” say:
'All actions are judged by intentions, and every person will be rewarded according to his intention. So, who emigrated for Allah and His Messenger, his emigration is for Allah and His Messenger, but he who migrated for some worldly thing he could win, or a wife with whom he wanted to marry, his migration is to that for which he migrated '". (Sahih Al-Bountiful, Sahih Muslim)
This hadith is undoubtedly one of the largest and most important of the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, It establishes one of the most important principles in the religion of Islam, specifically as regards the acceptance of religion and one's actions by God, and generally to all other normal daily activities a person plays. This principle is that for any action is accepted and, therefore, rewarded by God, must be carried out by Him. This concept is called "sincerity to God", but the exact meaning would be "purity of intention".
In one of the stages of life of the Prophet, Exalted God ordered all Muslims who emigrated from Mecca to the nascent Islamic state in Medina. In this hadith, the Prophet gave an example of two kinds of people in regards to this religious act of emigration:
· The first example was that of a person who emigrated to Medina only by God, seeking to please Him and fulfill His command. The Prophet declared that the action of this person will be accepted by God and He will reward you amply.
· The second example was that of a person who fulfilled this religious act, but his intention was not to please God and fulfill His command, so this type of person, although they might achieve what he wanted in life, will not receive reward from God, and its action is not among those considered acceptable.
In Islam, There are two areas in the life of a person, religious and worldly. Although there is a clear separation between the two in terms of religious jurisprudence, both are in fact inseparable, while Islam is a religion which legislates in family matters, society and politics, and in the belief and worship of God. Therefore, although this saying of the Prophet appears to apply only to the religious aspect of the life of a person, actually applies to both.
The purity of intention in the religious sphere
As mentioned above, this hadeeth sets the first principle for the actions of the person are accepted by God, which is that they should be only for God. With respect to those shares that have been ordered as a form of religious devotion, known as worship, one must make them by God only, since it was God who commanded the service or act that is done and loves it. These events include those as prayer (Salad), fast, give the obligatory charity (Alms), perform minor or major pilgrimage to Mecca (Umrah and Hajj), and all other acts who have been ordained in religion. Although the acts may seem like something outside, as in this hadith, to be accepted is critical intent with which the person performs them.
A person who directs any of these and other religious acts other than God or His same level considered deities, never be accepted, and who commits this heresy is considered committing the greatest sin against God, polytheism: associating others with God in those things that are specifically for Him. Islam is a religion that believes and practices true and strict monotheism. This monotheism not only implies that there is one God and Creator, but God has the right to all forms of worship and all related acts be made only to please Him and nothing else. This concept was that God ordered all His Prophets to preach, as He says in the Qur'an:
"And he had commanded them [in their legislation] to worship God sincerely, fuesen monotheists, establish prayer and pay the Zakat, for that is the true religion ". (Koran 98:5)
Here we see that even though a person may appear to be performing acts of devotion and worship to God outwardly, if you associate any other being in this worship, whether angels, prophets or righteous people, then this act is not accepted by God. Worse, falls into the great sin of polytheism.
Another aspect of this purity of intention is that a person should never seek any profit through religious service and acts of worship, even if this worldly gain is something permitted. In the hadith above, the second person did not perform their religious duty to emigrate for other deities instead or alongside God, or did not intend to do something inherently wrong. Instead, his intention was something deemed permissible in the religion (marriage). However, this act was not accepted by God, and the person may or may not have been what he wanted in this worldly life. Therefore, without a person seeks any permissible worldly gain through action, the reward of such action decreases.
If a person wants something considered unacceptable in Islam, and want to get through religious service and worship, this is considered a sin. Islam is a religion that promotes humility and selflessness, rebuking those seeking recognition from others and get status in this worldly life. Therefore, If one seeks the praise of others through religious service and worship, this not only is not accepted by God, but the person is considered worthy of receiving punishment in the afterlife. The Prophet mentioned the first people to be condemned to hell in the afterlife, and among them are:
"A person who acquired knowledge [religious] and taught [other], and learned to recite the Quran. You will be taken [in the presence of God] and God will mention all the favors granted him, and he will recognize. God will ask you: 'What did you do with them?'
He will answer: 'I acquired knowledge [religious] and I showed [other], and I recited the Quran just to please '.
God will say: 'Lie! Actually, you acquired knowledge [religious] to be called a scholar, and recited the Quran to be called reciter, and this was already said to you '. Then he ordered it to be [punished]. So it will be dragged on his face and thrown into the fire ". (An-Nasai)
Purity of intention on the mundane level
Since the message of the hadith discussed in part one is generally, means that a person can even be rewarded for every action you make in your daily activities normally, while their intention is correct and the act is not prohibited by religion. The religion of Islam has encouraged and sometimes even imposed manners and customs coming to them mandatory for humans, regarding life beyond acts of worship. It has legislated various methods regarding the performance of daily activities, from sleep to eat. If a person makes these different activities according to this legislation, will be rewarded for it.
This aspect of intention allows the lifetime of one becomes an act of worship, while the goal of life is to please God, This is achieved by doing good and refraining from evil. A person can turn everyday activities into acts of worship purify his intention and sincerely seeking to please God through these activities. The Messenger of God, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, said:
"Helping a person to mount his horse or his belongings loaded in it, is an act of charity. A good deed is an act of charity. Every step you take to go to the prayers is charity. Removing an obstacle from the road, is charity ". (Sahih Al-Bountiful)
Making a living also be rewarded. The Companions saw a man and were astonished by his hard work and diligence. They lamented: "If he did all that work just to please God ...".
The Messenger of God answered them:
"If he is working to support their young children, then it is to please God. If you are working to support their elderly parents, then it is to please God. If you are working to keep busy and so have their desires under control, then it is to please God. And, on the other hand, you are doing it to show off and earn fame, then your job is to please Satan ". (Al-Mundiri, As-Suyuti)
One can earn rewards even the most natural acts, of course if they are accompanied by the proper intention. The Messenger of God said:
"When one of you sleeping with his wife, is an act of charity ". (Sahih Muslim)
The same can be said for eating, sleep and work, as well as the traits of good character, as truthfulness, honesty, generosity, courage and humility. These can become worship through sincere intention and deliberate obedience to God.
For these mundane acts, otherwise trivial, They are deserving of divine reward, the following conditions must be met:
A. The act must be lawful in itself. If the action is forbidden, its perpetrator deserves punishment. The Messenger of God said:
"God is pure and good, and He accepts only what is pure and good ". (Sahih Muslim)
B. The dictates of Islamic Law must be observed in full. Deception, oppression and injustice should be avoided. The Messenger of God said:
"He who deceives is not of us". (Sahih Muslim)
C. The activity can not move individual to perform their religious obligations. God says:
“¡Oh, Believers! That your possessions and your children divert you from the remembrance no God ... ". (Koran 63:9)
In this exhibition we can see the greatness of this hadeeth and how important in shaping the concept of acceptance of the actions and their reward from God. We also see from this Hadith that the concept of worship and service in Islam is not limited to performing certain legislated ritual acts, but encompasses the entire life of a Muslim, making it a true servant of God.
By: M. Abdulsalam
Site: Islam religion