The holy month of ramadan

El mes sagrado del Ramadán: Ramadan is a month of the Islamic lunar calendar, ninth, preferred by God Almighty, because in one of his nights revealed the Quran from the specimen to the first heaven Saved, land being illuminated with Divine Light, and was called “The Night of Decree” situated in the last third of Ramadan and odd day, therefore Muslims revere that night and watch and pray long, according to what the Prophet said:

Of Qadr out of faith and hope of reward will be forgiven his sins

“Who ensure Night of Decree by faith and love for God, will be forgiven his past sins”.

And God says in the Quran:

Ramadan, which revealed the Koran guidance for mankind and clear proofs of guidance and the Criterion

“The month of Ramadan, in which was revealed the Qur'an guide humanity”.

Not only was revealed by God the Holy Quran but all divine books. Said the Prophet Muhammad:

“The pages of Abraham were revealed on 1 Ramadan, Torah 6th of Ramadan, and the Gospel the 13th of the same month”.

Thank the month of Ramadan is evidenced by the significant events recorded in the history of Islam. A 17 Ramadan, the year 2 Hijra, God gave victory to Muslims, three hundred in number, under the command of the Prophet, they beat idolatrous thousand combatants in the Battle of Badr. God gave the conquest of Mecca the Prophet's 22 Ramadan of the year 8. The Prophet entered victorious in the city and destroyed the idols their hands while reciting the Quran. Having returned to monotheism Mecca after being stronghold of idolatry, the 1st former home of the impurity of paganism was purified.

They followed the events culminating with the name “month of victories”. And the Prophet said referring to this holy month:

If income Ramadan opened the doors of mercy and closed the gates of hell and the devils are chained

“In opening the gates of heaven, the hell are closed and are caught in it the Prime Evils”.

Obligation of Fasting

God Allah Glorified instituted Muslim fasting of Ramadan in the second year of the Hegira, this fast being one of the five pillars of Islam. Fasting is an ancient practice of purification and worship, and God says in the Quran:

O ye who believe! Fasting is also prescribed for those before you, that ye may be cautious

“¡Oh, Believers! Os is prescribed fasting, Prescribed as was the previous to you, so you attain piety and fear of God” (Quran, 2:183)

Fasting in Islam involves abstaining from eating, drink, having marital relationship, etc, since before the dawn, until sunset. Not the sole purpose of fasting worship; There are countless benefits in relation to the feelings and moods. Self-control and moral behavior, and mutual respect between members of human society are part of their benefits.


The first treatment for the majority of diseases is diet, since many of them are born in the stomach and digestive system.
And properly fasting month continuous purifies the digestive system of toxins that accumulate. These residues, Impaired, poison the disease producing organism.

The skilled in Medicine, Antique and present established that fasting pound excess of certain substances and liquid body and invigorates blood circulation and oxygenation, renewing cells; strengthens the nervous system, and other organic and psychological benefits that would otherwise extensive field work space limitations prevent us.


Fasting unifies emotions and feelings of rich and poor in one entity. Who eat sumptuously and then suffers the consequences of “good food”, and never went hungry necessity, can not understand the problems of hunger and learn what experience who asks for help.

Fasting is a purifier and educational experience that every Muslim must practice to feel hungry and thirsty, what approaches to understanding the suffering of millions of human beings who do not know what you will eat the next day.

The experience of fasting teaches man to be generous and supportive. God sets for each fasting one “alms,” or donation to be surrendered to the needy at the completion of the month of Ramadan, month of charity and forgiveness multiple virtues. Said the Prophet: “The best charity, It is the love of Ramadan”,

and one of the remarkable virtues of Prophet, which is the greatest example of conduct, was the generosity, and was more generous in Ramadan. Recommended to believers convidaran the fasters the daily breakfast:

Of fasting was a reward like his mushroom

“Who provides breakfast to a fasting, receives a reward”.

And fasting develops in the faithful the sense of mercy and accustomed to self-control, discipline and perseverance in adversity.


Fasting is a spiritual education, and the Prophet referred to it:

“Whoever does not give up false speech and acting upon it is not God Almighty need to let food and drink “

“Whoever does not give up lying and insincere behavior, God does not care to stop eating and drinking”.

If one of you is fasting days became not Arfet not ignorant of the Imru Hatemh or murderer, let him say 'I am fasting I am fasting

“The day of fasting should not be discussed and if someone offends rebukes and tell: I am fasting”.

These two “hadices” explain the meaning of fasting, the turn from sin, away from frivolous conversations, forgive anyone who offends, and deal with penance and worship to God; and the virtuous and pious deeds are multiplied in Ramadan.

Shortly, the Ramadan fasting person embarks on a spiritual journey to the realm of the Holy Quran, cultivating his teachings through his recitation and study, and guided by his Light, and saturating their moral and precepts, looking on that trip harmony, peace and warm the soul; is adopted, further, practice of introspection and self-analysis that keeps the soul of ignorance and materialism and approaches the sublimity of the Quran.


God promised indulgence to those who fast, through the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad Peace and Blessings.

Whoever fasts Ramadan out of faith and hope of reward will be forgiven his sins

“To whom, fasts in Ramadan with faith and devotion will be forgiven their sins”.

And Allah says:

Every action Adamson him except fasting which is for Me and I shall reward

“The acts of human beings belong, except fasting, I own and which will reward”.

The Prophet Peace and Blessings said about:
“Ramadan is a month that in principle is mercy, its middle is forgiveness and its end is rid of hell”.

In Paradise Baba said to him Rayyan, those who fast will enter it the Day of Resurrection, no one else will enter it

“In Paradise there is a door, call “Source”, why go fasters and nobody else”.

“Yes knew all that is grace and blessing in the month of Ramadan, wish it was a full year”.


Whoever violates the fulfillment of fasting, intentionally and without reasons a day of Ramadan commits a sin. Therefore must redeem himself, for example helping to release or manumit a believer, the ayunando of months, after Ramadan for each day not fasted without cause. Who can not should feed sixty poor, but still will have lost thank you very much. Said the Prophet:

Whoever breaks days of Ramadan, the license is not a disease not eliminated by fasting for a lifetime and that fasted

“Whoever does not fast a day of Ramadan without good cause, I can not match even fast the rest of his life”.

This does not mean that God does not host the atonement of his believers, but it is understood that saying of the Prophet Ramadan fasting has no equivalent.


The normal, healthy Muslim must fast from puberty, and the Prophet said:

“Three are exempt from fasting: the mentally ill, until healed, the sleeper until he wakes, and the child until puberty”

As for women, not fast day of the menstrual period and after delivery until blood stops flowing. Then must compensate other days.

Excepted OF NOT FAST:

A) The traveler: Among the features that allow you to shorten the prayers you can fast or not. Abu Sa'id said alJudri “In our expeditions with the Prophet, about
ayunaban, no other, in Ramadan. The fasting not blame who did not fast; who had the strength to fast did, and who did not have them, I was right.”

We invade with the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him in our mouth Ramadan fasting and Breakfaster of us do not find fasting on Breakfaster not Breakfaster the jejunum

B) The patient: If he will, or if the doctor finds that fasting is not possible or desirable, the patient can not fast, according to what God says in the Holy Quran:

Do not throw yourselves into destruction

“Do not cast will self-destruct” (Quran 2: 195).

After regaining health should fast the days you did not fast in Ramadan. If the disease is chronic prevents fasting, offset your nonfasting feeding a needy every day of fasting not practiced, if you have means. In which Allah says:

Those who are sick or ransom poor food

“Those who are unable to fast to feed a poor”.

If you could not make up that way for economic reasons, is waived for him.

C) The old: The Muslim, male or female, in old age arrives at an age that does not have the strength to fasting, is exempt, and should make up for not fasting giving some food to those in need. Ibn Abbas said May Allah be pleased with him:

“The old man was allowed to feed a needy”.

D) The pregnant or breastfeeding: If the believer is pregnant or nursing may offset their nonfasting, fasting as many days when the situation permits and in addition can alimentara¡ need as many days.

And) Distracted: Whoever forgets that he is fasting and eats or drinks something, realizing her distraction should refrain immediately, and you will not lose his fast, according to the hadith of the Prophet, for then God gave to eat or drink.

Whoever forgets he is fasting, he ate or drank let him complete his fast I just feed him and God gave him to drink

The fasting in Ramadan can, in the fasting hours, mouth and nose with clean water, bathe, clean teeth without toothpaste, and swallow their saliva. Who slept ejaculate does not compromise his fast.


The Prophet Peace and Blessings recommended, in the nights of Ramadan, before the fasting hours, take a few bites and drink. This collation called “Forums” and is a mercy from God.

Tzhroa suhoor in the pool

Tarawih E itikaf (Prayers volunteers)

Muslims celebrate these prayers after the evening prayer, Salad of al Isha. They consist of longer sentences, of at least eight rakhas, the sweet, sixteen, or twenty, according to the practice of the Prophet Peace and Blessings, and pray witr before Finally voluntary prayer one rakha. The Prophet's celebrated sometimes alone, sometimes in congregation, but preferably only, indicating that their practice can be individual, no imam, and which are not mandatory. The Prophet Peace and Blessings said:

Who Ramadan out of faith and hope of reward, will be forgiven his sins

“Who pray devoutly in Ramadan get the indulgence of sins”.

Remember, on the other hand, the physical benefits that involves prolonged prayer after breaking the fast.

The Prophet received, every night of Ramadan, Archangel Gabriel, who explained to him the Koran. The last ten days gathered in the mosque in order to devote himself to worship and live “Night of Decree” in total obedience to God.

Because who spends watching in prayer and contemplation reaches decree night indulgence and grace, as taught by the Prophet Peace and Blessings, adding:

Seek Laylat al-Qadr in the gut, from the last ten days of Ramadan

“Seek the night of decree in the last ten odd days of Ramadan”.

The Itikaf: is that the believer to retreat to the mosque several days, still eating and sleeping in it, without leaving it to the necessary, dedicated to the worship and submission to Allah Almighty God.


The beginning of Ramadan is confirmed when the new moon appears, and an end when the next new moon appears in Shawal. If the moon was not visible by the presence of clouds, must complete thirty days of the month of Ramadan and start Sha'aban, but if the moon was seen in other Islamic countries other Islamic countries can build on that. The Muslim minorities in non-Islamic countries should be based on the appearance of the moon in Islamic countries because among them there who are dedicated to detect its appearance in observatories and confirm doctrinally accordance with legal regulations.