Muslim Contributions to Universal Civilization
M. Basher Ahmad
Translation: Lic. Isa Garcia
Edition: Moámm Derman
The primary goal of this volume is to give readers a brief introduction to the intellectual history of Muslims and their contributions to world civilization. Civilization itself was developed long before the nineteenth century, and since time immemorial, many people have woven their course, each making unique contributions. This book highlights the contributions Muslim scholars made in various fields of human art, including science, technology, philosophy, political and social sciences, since 700 to 1500 d.C. These developments constitute a firm foundation for progress in the Middle East, North Africa and Spain, eventually resulting in Renaissance Europe during the middle of the second millennium and later. The preservation of civilization needs a fairer understanding, exchange and recognition of our common human heritage.
Given the negative stereotypes widely disseminated today and false deliberately misunderstanding generated against Islam and Muslims, the publication of these documents on "The Muslim Contributions to World Civilization" is vital to help repair the evil that is being per-petrado and restore the historical truth, being distorted. The bulk of Western historians, when they have to review the progress of the cone-foundation, recognize the work done by the ancient Greeks and experts roma-us to close 300 d.C. and then conveniently jump up 1500 d.C, the era of European Renaissance, with very little mention of the amazing social developments, politicians and scientists that took place from the eighth to the sixteenth century AD. Morowitz, a historian, describes this phenomenon as "the Black Hole of History":
"The impression given is that the Renaissance emerged as a phoenix from the ashes -latente for a millennium-from classical Greco-Roman age" 1. This is a myth that causes a very distorted view of history. Adequate knowledge of the contributions of Islam and Muslim civilization would help counter the false image of Muslims widely spread in the West, as violent, barbarians and enemies of civilization. Understand high and enlightened culture of "Golden Age" Muslim is to understand the positive role played Muslims, and indeed continue to play, in the development of human civilization.
At the top of the Islamic period, from 700 a 1500 d.C. the world witnessed great development in the arts and sciences. As a result of the rapid expansion of the Islamic empire, Muslim scholars inherited the knowledge of most other major civilizations: Ancient Egyptian, the Babylonian, Greek, Persian and Indian. The caliphs and scholars made massive efforts to translate their major works into Arabic. Many important scientific and philosophical treatises were preserved in this way to extinction. Not only learned Muslim scholars and preserved cone-foundation of antiquity, but they also made their own observations reviews and original research, thus adding a vast treasure of new scientific knowledge to the fields of philosophy, astronomy, history, mathematics, chemistry and medical sciences, to name a few.
As Muslim intellectuals, is our responsibility to investigate and publish this research output and disseminate as widely as possible the historical legacy of these giants of his time, so that the world will not forget, and re-learn and honor his contributions to science, universal knowledge and civilization. Several scholars and authorities in the known matter in our country have contributed to this project, to analyze various aspects of the contributions of Muslim scholars to human civilization. The project covers a wide range of materials, including contributions to the political system, social sciences, humanities, jurisprudence, the impact of Islam in the West medical and special-mind sciences.
Abdul Hamid Abu Sulaiman eloquently emphasized that Islam and Cristianis-mo, two of the great religions of the Abrahamic legacy, have made significant contributions to human civilization. At this juncture, when our world is like a global village, is absolutely necessary to an understanding of the common origins of all faith communities, especially the two largest, to return humanity to its senses. An important method to achieve this goal is to address and solve the proble-mas created by a version of the distorted and volatile history. We desperately need an intercultural harmony, can be achieved through a better understanding of the contributions of many experts and followed-res of these great religions have done throughout history. The recog-ing their sincere dedication to spiritual values, moral and ethical, and an emulation of his legacy can certainly help achieve the worthy goal of peace and global justice.